The Requiem
for Dark Energy and Dark Matter

"Especially in times when physics seems to describe less than five percent of the universe,
while the rest remains in the dark,
it might be worthwhile to put the foundations of a science to test and to revise"
(Meinard Kuhlmann, June 2016 at "Physik Journal")

In general, the law of conservation of energy, as conservation principle, is an axiom that doesn't require a reason. For it is a matter of fact that inanimate things stay how and what they are, a fact that, above all, makes physics possible. No effect without a cause. Thus, it applies that all statements on physics have to fulfil the law of conservation of energy, if it is to be considered as science. In spring 1925, when Heisenberg, during a lonely night on the island of Helgoland, realized that his energy matrix fulfils the law of conservation of energy, he had "the feeling to look through the surface of atomic appearances on a deeply underlying bottom of strange inner beauty …" Thus, he knew he was on the right track. What is true of the smallest things in physics is also true of the single largest thing that can be an object of physics, the cosmos. The cosmos that can be observed by us has emerged from a common occurrence known as Big Bang. In consideration of the law of conservation of energy, however, it is clear that it must have been the consequence of converging matter; that is why it is necessary to differentiate between cosmos and universe. Therefore, my motto, as already mentioned before, is as follows: The cosmoses come and go, but the energy, the universe stays.

The super explosion at the beginning of the cosmos generated two forces, which they reflect: the cosmic centrifugal force and the gravitational force, also known as gravity. What we can only state positively is the fact that gravity at any radius around a body is the same in its total sum, which Newton expresses in his gravitation equation that complies with the law of conservation of energy in its own way. The gravitational force counteracts the cosmic centrifugal force, and if they are in balance, something is created, which everybody can observe in the starry sky at night. In my opinion, gravity is an entanglement phenomenon caused by the Big Bang, a phenomenon that causes the matter concerned to attract each other in order to return to the original state. However, as much as gravity's strength was insufficient to prevent the cosmos from expanding, it is less and less able to do so according to Newton, the more the cosmos expands and thus the centrifugal force increasingly prevails. What cannot be understood in that respect and why should it be necessary to introduce an imaginative dark matter especially for this purpose? The observation of the law of conservation of energy makes every speculation redundant.

Since centrifugal and gravitational forces exist together from the very beginning, they show themselves everywhere and permanently as the resultant of the local strength of both forces fighting with each other. And since, due to the conservation of energy, it applies that inanimate matter stays in its state on its own, the centrifugal force does not even decrease in the case of the movement of the stars and galaxies seen by us; a decrease in the centrifugal force intuitively assumed by many cosmologists in the past. Inanimate matter simply lacks movement organs and the will to move as is the case in living beings, but it stays in its state by itself. Since astronomic speed measurements always deal with the resultant of gravitation and centrifugal force, mere gravitation equations cannot fulfil the phenomena. The equations should include a factor for the centrifugal force growing with the distance of the gravitating amount of matter. This is not only true of the expansion of the cosmos but obviously also for the rotation of galaxies. The's newsletter of March 2017 announces that measurements on "six high-mass galaxies in the distant universe" have shown that "the outer areas of these distant (compact) galaxies rotate slower than the inner regions". In the case of time wise close extended galaxies, however, it is the other way round. These latter galaxies are already so big that the immanent centrifugal force becomes more apparent in the outer regions. In order to be able to maintain Einstein's gravitation equation, "dark matter" has especially been devised, which is supposed to explain the phenomenon of the faster rotation that, however, is only the consequence of the conservation of energy - in this case that of the centrifugal force, and this does not require any outside explanation. What cannot be understood about it?

The question arises whether atoms and chemical elements cannot be considered as entangled units as well. Atoms and chemical elements were also formed by means of gigantic energies, the supernovas, so that particle theory can do without the merely hypothetical gluons as binding forces. The gravitation theory in circulation, again, mentions merely hypothetic gravitons that would ensure the interaction. The proxies considered to be necessary are already there and the entanglement explains their meaning! If we look at it this way, the unity of physics would continuously be re-established - and merely by observing the principle of conservation of energy that cannot be overestimated.

Dedicated to Robert Mayer
Heilbronn, 3rd April 2017
Helmut Hille

Translation by Martha Greiner-Jetha (Gröbenzell near Munich, Germany)

© HILLE 2017

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