General Foundations of Mechanics
What does an object do on which no force is impressed? Correct: It continues in its state of rest und upon impact indicates this state - on its own - as inertia. The immanence and acausality of its conservation is the basic of any causality! René Descartes (1596 -1650) therefore referred to these facts as the "First Law of Nature". I call it the "Principle of Conversation" which proves its correctness by the existence of non-derivable physical conversation laws. It is the universal yardstick of the researcher. Together with the "Principle of Wholeness" which treats gravitation as a holistic force complementary to inertia, axioms of a classical nature free from superfluous, contradictory assumptions or assumptions read into them are being developed which apply to any kind of mechanics. Axioms are not generally unverified allegations of facts but rational principles that can be verified by everybody with the help of reason. It is the meaning of axiomatic to make things derived comprehensible by deriving them from self-evident facts.
Only things can be causes
Space1, time, motion and velocity are not things.2
They cannot, therefore, be causal.
This classical syllogism refutes the shortest way contrary opinions of present-day physicists.
1There is an "influence" of space to the extent to which there are forces distributed in space, like gravity and radiation, which are -so to say- "diluted".
2They serve only to describe the behavior of things from our point of view.