The Nature of Gravity
I see the following connection between humanity and the universe: Man is the voice of being that tries to understand itself. (Repeat sentence) Very early on he tried to understand the laws of heaven. I see the Nebra sky disk with the sun, moon and stars as such an attempt. We don't know whether Stonehenge is one of those. One of the oldest sentences in ancient philosophy was handed down by Anaximander of Miletus (approx. 611 - 545 BCE): "The origin of existing things is the unlimited. For from this everything arises and to this everything perishes. Which is why an unlimited number of worlds are produced become."<(/em> (Repeat sentence) You can't say it better today. Kant suspected that the "nebulae" could be other Milky Ways. After Hubbel discovered the multitude of galaxies and their expansion through a lot of hard work with the telescopes, it is now important to decipher the nature of gravity.
Newton realized that it is not self-evident that we are drawn to the earth and can walk on it, but that an invisible force is responsible for this, just as for the rotation of the planets around the sun and the moon around the earth, which he called centripetal force because it pulls everything towards a center. The question remains why the sky above us has this organized structure with galaxies and solar systems despite the Big Bang. During an explosion, everything moves away from the explosion site and disperses. This is where my idea of entanglement as an energetic unity of visually spatially separated objects comes into play. In addition to the cosmic centrifugal force, there must have been an elementary force acting against it from the beginning, which I call "basic entanglement", which we know as gravitation or gravity, which wants to maintain the energetic unity of the Big Bang. Where both primal forces are in balance, atoms and ultimately suns, planetary systems and galaxies have formed, whose orbits around each other are just as permanent as they themselves.
We are now in the midst of a new cosmology. This involves first distinguishing between the universe and the cosmos. While Edwin Hubble determined the multitude of galaxies and their expansion and thus significantly expanded the astronomical worldview, although the question of the cause of the cosmos and expansion remained open because it is not a question of observation, the law of conservation of energy is the top priority here criterion of physics the answer. Just as our causal thinking is based on the basic belief acquired through evolution that nothing can arise from nothing - hence the persistence of the idea of God, which stands for eternal existence and creative power - there must be a universe that is without boundaries in space and time, from which new cosms can always emerge through a Big Bang. A cosmos is a new whole that is ordered by a common event and reacts together - just as we can observe it in the sky and on earth. The proof of my basic assumption and its conclusion is clear to us and is also taken into account in calculations, e.g. in space travel. The basis is and remains Newton's gravity equation for 2 mass points with their gravitational constant.
Now that the question of the origin of the cosmos has been clarified, we now come to the course of its expansion. The cause of the expansion is first of all the so-called "Big Bang", which drives everything apart while at the same time gravity wants to unite everything together. The speed of expansion is the result of both primal forces acting against each other. We have to ask ourselves, how far does the gravity of the particles extend? The gravity of a particle is distributed evenly in space, so that the sum of its gravity is always the same in every radius around it (conservation of energy). However, their local rarefaction as the radius increases and thus their range is limited by Planck's constant, which contributes to the ever-increasing expansion of the cosmos, because at the same time the attractive force of the stable star associations among themselves decreases more and more as a whole due to their generally increasing distances. The initial impulse of the Big Bang becomes more and more prevalent until its maximum speed is reached. Simply by paying attention to the conservation of energy and knowing what a resultant is, the observations of the expansion of the cosmos become sufficiently understandable. The assumption of dark matter and energy is therefore unnecessary. Depending on the density distribution of the matter in space, the rate of expansion can vary locally, which would explain the different measurement results.
For a rational cosmology it is necessary to say: The cosms come and go, but the universe/energy remains. (Repeat sentence) Universe and cosmos are not synonyms. As with the observance of the law of conservation of energy, the necessary basic understanding of a rational cosmology arises automatically through the correct use of language - the distinction between universe and cosmos, as well as that between creator and creation. Conversely, the new cosmology includes gravity and basic entanglement as to understand one and the same thing. But of course in the cosmos you are always in the universe at the same time. But when it comes to the order and structure of the sky, for the sake of clarity one should always speak of the cosmos, which is preceded by the emergence of gravity, which shapes everything. The difference is, the cosmos disperses and evaporates, but the universe remains. (Repeat sentence). It is unlikely that we will ever see other cosms unless we observe distant clusters of galaxies moving in the opposite direction to the general direction of escape. In religious terms the provenance is described as an act of creation by God. If you get to the bottom of things and ignore the use of language and concentrate on the essentials, there is actually no opposition between science and religion in cosmology. Here I thought a little further for both.
Due to the general ability of matter to entangle, which expands the concept of matter, gluons the "sticky particles of particle physics", are also likely to be an entanglement phenomenon, and possibly even the nuclear forces, which reflect the force of the Big Bang. By the way, the entangled quanta were already entangled with each other like all particles before their common emission, but this gave them further common properties such as the opposite spin, which maintains its opposite direction as a kind of equilibrium even at a distance.
Helmut Hille would like to recall his earlier statements on the subject which can be read on his website WAYS OF THINKING or, from 2005 onwards on ZEIT UND SEIN in the conference contributions.
DPG spring conference March 1996 University of Jena
Title: Gravity as an argument for a holistic view
"Every existing thing has two complementary aspects: its own aspect and that of the whole. When impacted, its own aspect is experienced as inertial resistance, the holistic aspect appears as its share of gravity directed towards it. As two aspects of one thing, they are each other proportional." - You can still say that today. While browsing through old conference contributions, Mr. Hille found a somewhat surprising and almost frightening anticipation of his Heilbronn interpretation of quantum physics from 2022, presented at the TU Dresden:
DPG General Conference March 2005 TU Berlin - so at this point!
Title: Ancient thinkers for a dynamic universe without boundaries in space and time
"A cosmos is the order of a very large but finite amount of matter, structured by gravity and centrifugal force, which emerged from a common, entangling "Big Bang". Therefore, for me, entanglement is a general property of all matter. The universe, on the other hand, is the in space and time are unlimited, as Anaximander of Miletus already saw, in which the cosms move like the galaxies in a cosmos. Therefore, it is important to distinguish between the universe and the cosmos.
Particularly noteworthy is the poster session of the 1st DPG Fall Meeting in autumn 2019 in Freiburg, where his stand was first in line in front of the DLR (DLR = Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt - German Aerospace Center), where he and his neighbor noted that they were actually making the same self-evident statement, namely in space how the same laws apply on earth. Hille presented this theoretically, while DLR is working on a broad front to practically apply the laws of quantum physics to space. Just by the way: this acquaintance resulted in Hille being invited to Oberpfaffenhofen, a branch of the DLR in Upper Bavaria, from where the German space missions were once supervised, where he would have liked to have been there one day."
DPG = Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft - German Physical Society
Note: the whole world, including the DPG, only wants to extensively celebrate the small aspect of entanglement, quantum mechanics, after 100 years in 2025 - of course better than the previous silence after such a long time! How long will people remain silent about his proposal, even though the facts are clear and cannot be disputed: the inner energetic unity of all bodies in the cosmos. And shouldn't the rational cosmology presented here, based on logic, be much more satisfactory than all the hypotheses and assumptions that are being discussed today?
Finally, the author, Helmut Hille, who is now 95 years old and has represented the DPG with over 30 conference contributions over the past 30 years, asked me to recite the following short poem to you:
Ja, ich weiß woher ich stamme,
ungesättigt gleich der Flamme
glühe und verzehr' ich mich.
Licht wird alles was ich fasse
Kohle alles was ich lasse:
Flamme bin ich sicherlich.
Poem by Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 - 1900) from The Happy Science
With that in mind: be happy!
Idee and Text © Helmut Hille Nov. 2023, Heilbronn/Germany (translation by Google/Peter Hille)
Member of Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG), Work Group Philosophy of Physics
Philosophizing is the perpetual struggle for the freedom of the mind