What do you hold correct?
Please answer first spontaneously - and then again after some rethinking
Question 1: Is the evolution
- a) the result of natural laws?
- b) or does it generate its own principles?
Question 2: Is the change of species
- a) a consequence of adaptation?
- b) or is it the consequence of a genetic ramification?
Question 3: What is a stronger force for selection
- a) the resources of a biotope?
- b) or the resources of the immune system?
Question 4: Is the erect walk of the human being
- a) a consequence of his being a human being?
- b) Or is it the decisive condition of being human?
Question 5: Is man
- a) a "naked ape" (Desmond Morris)?
- b) or did his naked state stop him being an ape?
My answers to the questions of the test
On Question 1:
- Evolution is a selfcreative process based on the affinity of the matter. In my opinion it can be described by emerge best of all i.e. by the appearance of newer qualities and legitimacies if two or more components form to a new unity. In this manner the "life" cannot be explained by the chemical and physical components of living beings, because it is arised something new that is beyond the scope of the bare matter and that keeps up itself. Life is a self-reproducing organisation of matter.
On Question 2:
- b) By using the word "adaptation", the human observer describes the result of the selection - concluding from his own behaviour to that of nature. Biologically however, the change of species is the consequence of genetic ramification. If we make so little effort to describe things objectively correct, we don't have to be surprised at the fact that - despite of a gigantic knowledge - we only understand them so little!
On Question 3:
- b) Many species can change the biotope, or they have the ability to survive periods of draughts and cold. However, as they themselves are a biotope for parasites and germs, against which they have to fight every minute, the importance of the individual immune system cannot be overestimated at all. Therefore, I have suggested the term "immunotype" next to "genotype" and "phenotype", in order that more attention is paid to the vital function of the immune system and its individual forms. Even in medicine we have to increase our efforts to work with the immune system.
On question 4:
- b) The hominid Australopithecus was an apelike creature with a small brain and which walked erect. In doing so, the sensitivity of his hands was able to (but did not have to!) develop further and along with the their corresponding areas of the brain.
On question 5:
- b) When man "discovered" that he was naked, he was no longer an ape. He had already had a consciousness of himself and he was able to control himself accordingly, e-g- to dress, also thanks to the sensitivity of his hands.
Did you really know it? And did you also describe it correctly? Perhaps you have noticed how incorrect our every day phrases can be and how important our own role as observer is for all descriptions. He who does not make an effort to express himself correctly because he does not think it over, will not fully understand the matter about which he wants to speak, and thus will not be able to describe it properly. This is the root of most of the problems, which we have with things also in science.
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